When you turn on your tap, you can be confident that your drinking water is among the best protected in the world. California drinking waterrelated laws california state. It is the intent of the legislature to provide adequate water resources research institutes and other. The drinking water protection act and drinking water protection regulation replace the former safe drinking water regulation.
A water supplier that would be a public water system only as a result of modifications made to this paragraph by the safe drinking water act amendments of 1996 shall not be considered a public water system for purposes of the act until the date that is two years after august 6, 1996. Every day, over 160,000 municipal water systems provide safe, reliable drinking water to us consumers. Safe drinking water act sdwa sdwa passed by congress in 1974 primary goal of the sdwa is to set health based standards for drinking water to protect against. Pdf the us environmental protection agency usepa has generally done a good job executing the safe drinking water act sdwa. Water users that fail to maintain this alternative water delivery service will be disconnected from the canal water system and held. The act authorizes epa to establish minimum standards to protect tap water and requires all owners or. Safety of public water systems safe drinking water act pdf contact us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem.
Epa has established protective drinking water standards for more than 90 contaminants, including drinking water regulations issued since the 1996 amendments to the safe drinking water act that strengthen public health protection. Pursuant to the act, the environmental protection agency epa is required to set standards for drinking water quality and oversee all states, localities, and water suppliers that implement the standards the sdwa applies to every public water system pws. Due to the federal and state safe drinking water acts, iid water users who receive service canal water at their homes or businesses must have an alternate source of water for drinking and cooking purposes california health and safety code section 116275s. Under sdwa, the united states environmental protection agency epa is given authority to set the standards for drinking water quality and oversee states, localities, and water suppliers who implement those standards. An act to make provision for the supply of safe drinking water. Under the safe drinking water act of 1974, and subsequent 1986 and 1996 amendments, usepa sets national limits on contaminant levels in drinking water to ensure drinking water is safe for human consumption. To ensure that drinking water is safe, sdwa sets up multiple barriers against pollution. Through much effort and customer participation iid has achieved the goals outlined in its compliance agreement with the california department of public health to satisfy state and federal safe drinking water act regulations. Drinking waterrelated statutes are from the corporations code, education code, food and agricultural code, government code, health and safety code, public resources code, and water code. Safe drinking water act act 399 of 1976 an act to protect the public health. The safe drinking water act external sdwa was passed by congress in 1974, with subsequent amendments in 1986 and 1996, to ensure and protect the quality of americans drinking water. The michigan safe drinking water act, public act 399, as amended, act 399 was enacted in 1976 and enables the michigan department of environmental quality deq to maintain direct control over the public drinking water program in the state. Since passage of the safe drinking water act sdwa in 1974, localities. The drinking water protection act covers all water systems other than singlefamily dwellings and systems excluded through the regulation.
The number of sites is based on the type of source water and population served. Safe drinking water act violations 2011 new jersey. These limits are known as maximum contaminant levels mcls. Under the safe drinking water act and the 1986 amendments, usepa sets national limits on contaminant levels in drinking water to ensure that drinking water is safe for human consumption. Regulations public water systems drinking water healthy. Hydraulic fracturing and safe drinking water act regulatory issues congressional research service summary hydraulic fracturing is a technique developed initially to stimulate oil production from wells in declining oil reservoirs. The safe drinking water act sdwa was originally passed by congress in 1974 to protect public health by regulating the nations public drinking water supply. The safe drinking water act sdwa protects the quality of us drinking water, to the great benefit of american public health. The bureau of safe drinking water is charged with managing the federally delegated drinking water program and implements both the federal and state safe drinking water act and associated regulations. List of regulated public water systems as of 02112020 statutory requirements. Cupas introduction when congress enacted the safe drinking water act in 1974, it gave the environmental protection agency the power to set national standards governing the maximum acceptable levels of water contaminates in. Legislative findings and declarations the legislature finds and declares that it is a paramount policy of the state to protect the purity of the. These rules implement new jersey s safe drinking water program for the purpose of ensuring the provision of safe drinking water to consumers, and enabling the department to assume primary enforcement responsibility under the federal safe drinking water act, p. It places obligations on water suppliers and water storage managers to provide safe, highquality drinking water.
Call the safe drinking water hotline 800 4264791 or the office of ground water and drinking water 202 2607077. These data are provided through the routine monitoring of community water systems required under the safe drinking water act and state or communityspecific drinking water regulations. In 1974, president gerald ford signed into law the safe drinking water act, the first piece of legislation of its kind to provide a comprehensive regulatory framework for overseeing the nations drinking water supply. Hydraulic fracturing and safe drinking water act regulatory. The best source of drinking water quality data is compiled by the epa and the states in the safe drinking water information system sdwis. Water is connected to every forms of life on earth. Small exempt rainwater supplies provided in low risk premises awqc services the safe drinking water act, 2011 the act applies to all drinking water providers who supply water to the public, with the exception. Under the sdwa, epa sets standards for drinking water quality and with its partners implements various technical and financial programs to ensure drinking water safety. Batbest available technologythe best technology, treatment techniques or other means which the administrator finds are available for achieving compliance with maximum contaminant levels. The drinking water academy dwa has developed a number of training modules. Sdwas primary purpose, which is to stop contaminants from entering drinking water systems, is accomplished by doing the following. The safe drinking water act amendments of 1996 require the environmental protection agency to promulgate a proposed regulation by january 1, 2000, and a fnal national primary drinking water.
Introduction the safe drinking water act sdwa, title xiv of the public health service act, is the key federal law for protecting public water supplies from harmful contaminants. To carry out this mission, the safe drinking water program. Federal and new york state regulation of drinking water. It was enacted as a result of a federal survey of large and small public drinkingwater systems that revealed poor water quality was endangering public health. Safe drinking water act act 399,1976, as amended an act to amend the title and sections 2, 7, 9, 10, 15, and 17 of act no. Before citing any statute, the text of the statute should be confirmed by visiting californias legislative information website at.
The law was amended in 1986 and 1996 and requires many actions to protect drinking water and its sourcesrivers, lakes, reservoirs, springs, and ground. Pursuant to the act, the environmental protection agency epa is required to set standards for drinking water quality and oversee all states, localities, and water suppliers that implement the standards. Safe drinking water branch hawaii department of health. Pdf the safe drinking water act sdwa was established at the end of 1974 and resulted in major changes drinking water is managed and. This module is geared toward employees new to sdwa programs. History of drinking water regulations waterrelated. Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the united states of america in congress assembled, section 1. While corpus christi is not as poor a city as flint, with 17. Selected regulatory and legislative issues congressional research service 1 introduction the safe drinking water act1 sdwa is the primary federal law for protecting public water supplies from harmful contaminants.
The federal safe drinking water act sdwa, enacted in 1974, provides the statutory basis for federal and state regulations governing the operation of public water systems, including concentrations of contaminants in drinking water. This act shall be known and may be cited as the safe drinking water act. The safe drinking water act sdwa of 1974 was the first federal law mandating drinkingwater standards for all public water systems. Are you protected under the safe water drinking act. The safe drinking water act applies to water systems. The safe drinking water act sdwa was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the u. This incident was simply the latest in a series of drinking water problems in corpus christi, which has experienced repeated violations of the safe drinking water act sdwa over the past decade. Under sdwa, the united states environmental protection agency epa is given authority to set the standards for drinking water quality and oversee states, localities, and water.
Epa has established protective drinking water standards for more. Protecting americas drinking water is a top priority for epa. The cdc safe water system program the safe water system sws program is a household water treatment intervention developed by the centers for disease control and prevention cdc and the pan american health organization paho in response to the cholera epidemics that swept across latin america in the early 1990s. Short title this act shall be known and may be cited as the safe drinking water act. Drinking water related regulations are in titles 22 and 17 of the california code of regulations. Since the safe drinking water act sdwa of 1974 went into effect, water systems have encountered many new regulations, such as meeting specific water quality. Safe drinking water is vital to the public health, welfare and economy of nevada. Under sdwa, the united states environmental protection agency epa is given authority to set the standards for drinking water quality and oversee states. Explain threats to drinking water describe the hydrologic cycle and pathways of contamination understand the history of drinking water regulation describe the major sdwa programs this module provides an overview of the safe drinking water act. Public water systems are responsible for ensuring that contaminants in tap water do not exceed the standards. Drinking water regulations by jamie knotts ndwc promotions coordinator twentyfive years ago, congress passed an act that brought sweeping changes for americas drinking water systems.
Initially, epa focused on converting 15 longstanding drinking water guidelines, previously issued by the public health service, into enforceable maximum contaminant levels mcls, as required under the statute. This act may be cited as the safe drinking water act amendments of 1996. Safe drinking water act sdwa protecting americas drinking water is a top priority for epa. Safe drinking water act 2003 the safe drinking water act 2003 regulates drinking water quality. Safe drinking water act violations 2006 new jersey. These compilations of drinking waterrelated laws were once referred to by staff and the regulated community as the blue book. With technological advances, hydraulic fracturing is now widely used to. Safe drinking water act violations 2000 new jersey.
This article provides a brief overview of this landmark legislation. Safe drinking water act and associated safe drinking water regulations 25 pa. The moment a person opens a drinking water tap it represents perhaps the most intimate connection between public trust and the governments duty to protect public health. The safe drinking water act sdwa is the federal law that protects public drinking water supplies throughout the nation. What is the purpose of drinking water quality guidelines.
The sdwa gives the environmental protection agency epa the responsibility to set and enforce standards for drinking water. Safe drinking water act sdwa regulations an overview. Compliance sites are locations in the distribution system where tthms are high, haa5s are high, and at average detention time sites. The safe drinking water act of 1974 and its role in providing. The federal safe drinking water act sdwa was passed in 1974 and has been amended several times to expand both its breadth and the united states environmental protection agencys epa power to enforce it.
For a detailed explanation of the safe drinking water program, refer to the federal safe drinking water act regulations 40 cfr parts 141, 142, 143 and the new jersey safe drinking water regulations n. The act sets out certain requirements for drinking water operators and suppliers to ensure the provision of safe drinking water. Drinking water rule promulgation new rules promulgated or proposed for public water supplies update the provisions of the michigan safe drinking water act. New rules are promulgated under authority conferred on the director of egle by section 5 of the safe drinking water act, 1976 pa 399, as amended act 399, identified as r 325. These modules cover topics identified by the dwa workgroup as most important in supporting safe drinking water act sdwa implementation. Safe drinking water act imperial irrigation district.
The law has proven instrumental in setting standards for ensuring that the us population can access drinking water that is. Drinking water quality centers for disease control and. The safe drinking water act the safe drinking water act sdwa was enacted in 1974. Reduction of lead in drinking water and the installation of emergency eyewash, eyeface wash and combination shower source. The act authorizes epa to establish minimum standards to protect tap water. Drinking water protection act information province of. Safe drinking water act 2011 categories of public water supplies 1. The safe drinking water act sdwa celebrated its 40th anniversary in december 2014. Usepa establishes treatment techniques instead of an mcl to control. The law was amended in 1986 and 1996 and requires many actions to protect drinking water and its sourcesrivers, lakes, reservoirs, springs, and ground water wells.1097 1448 1151 794 465 30 314 250 1607 973 26 1545 407 229 1162 183 1073 1503 1657 1052 215 1115 240 195 1131 1202 1558 873 788 1138 622 1142 434 951 910 477 936 316 164